When pH drops, K+ is pumped out of the cell in exchange for H+ because the body is trying to neutralize the acid. This excess K+ then goes into the urine and is removed in copious amounts due to the osmotic diuresis caused by the high blood glucose levels. The α-intercalated cells in the renal tubule that normally recovers K+ are overwhelmed by the high amounts of both K+ & H+.
If the serum K+ is LOW, it will means the patient is very ill, act quickly!
When you treat them, if you give insulin before fixing the K+ it can cause a massive movement of K+ back into cell and result in hypokalemia. Please refer to your institution’s guidelines for when to treat K+ during DKA.
A common finding described on computed tomography (CT) imaging. A disease with a peribronchovascular distribution…