The Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction is commonly seen in the first 24 hours of treatment and is characterized by low-grade fever, chills, headache, myalgias, malaise, and skin lesions (new or worsening of preexisting).

WHY? Thought to be due to cytokine release in response to endotoxins released by the dying microorganisms. May be seen following the treatment of  spirochetal illnesses ( eg, Lyme disease, Syphilis, Leptospirosis).

*Typically treated with antipyretics.


  1. FARMER TW. JARISCH-HERXHEIMER REACTION IN EARLY SYPHILIS. JAMA. 1948;138(7):480-485. doi:10.1001/jama.1948.02900070012003
  2. Pound MW, May DB. Proposed mechanisms and preventative options of Jarisch-Herxheimer reactions. J Clin Pharm Ther 2005;30:291-295.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.