Categories: Neurology

ADLs (DEATH) and IADLs (SHAFT)

ADLS (Activities of daily living): Often used to assess functional status; Mostly used for elderly or chronically ill patients.

D– DRESSING
E– EATING
A– AMBULATION
T– TOILET USE with or without help?
H– HYGIENE

IADLs (Instrumental activities of daily living): Not a necessity for survival; but important to an individual’s independence. 

S– SHOPPING
H– HOUSEKEEPING
A– ACCOUNTING
F– FOOD PREPARATION
T– TRANSPORTATION

REFERENCES

  1. Katz S, Ford AB, Moskowitz RW, Jackson BA, Jaffe MW. Studies of illness in the aged: the index of ADL: a standardized measure of biological and psychosocial function. JAMA 1963;185:914-919
  2. Noelker, L.S.; Browdie, R. (2014). “Sidney Katz, MD: a new paradigm for chronic illness and long-term care”. The Gerontologist 54 (1): 13–20.
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Dr. C Humphreys

Internal Medicine

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