Categories: Nephrology

Azotemia vs. Uremia

Azotemia => Characterized by increased levels of nitrogen-containing compounds (i.e urea, BUN) NOT severe enough to cause symptoms.

Uremia => (“urine in the blood”) Characterized by increased levels of nitrogen-containing compounds (i.e urea, BUN) severe enough to cause symptoms. Symptoms are non-specific: fatigue, weakness, nausea, vomiting, itchiness, confusion, pericarditis, coma, etc.

REFERENCES

  1. Bishop, M.L.; Fody, E.P. and Schoeff, L.E. Clinical Chemistry: Techniques, Principles, Correlations. 6th Edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. p. 268.
  2. Rose BD, Post TW. Hyperkalemia. In: Clinical Physiology of Acid-Base and Electrolyte Disorders. 5th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2001:913-919.
Get Medical Pearls directly to your inbox every week!
Weekly posts with high yield medical knowledge, directly to your mailbox!
Dr. C Humphreys

Internal Medicine

Recent Posts

Mechanism of a Mixed Apnea

Mixed apneas are characterized by absent respiratory effort and airflow in the first section of…

2 months ago

How Does Hypothyroidism Cause Hypoventilation?

Although rare, the differential diagnosis of hypoventilation and hypercapnia respiratory failure includes hypothyroidism. It is…

2 months ago

Why is Pro-BNP/ BNP lower in Obesity?

B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a hormone created in response to cardiac wall stretch due…

8 months ago

What is Peribronchovascular Distribution on CT imaging?

A common finding described on computed tomography (CT) imaging. A disease with a peribronchovascular distribution…

1 year ago

Trapped Lung vs. Lung Entrapment

Though often used synonymously; Trapped Lung and Lung Entrapment technically describe separate entities along the…

2 years ago

Cause of Pericardial Effusion in Pulmonary Hypertension: Pathogenesis

It is not clearly understood why patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) develop pericardial effusions. However,…

2 years ago

This website uses cookies.