Macrophage activation syndrome vs. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis

4 years ago

Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a life-threatening complication of rheumatic diseases (i.e SLE, Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Adult onset Still’s disease).…

When does a Tracheostomy mature?

5 years ago

After creation of a percutaneous tracheotomy site for prolonged ventilation, one of the immediate complications is accident decannulation. Image Credit:…

JAMA: Does this patient have Heart Failure? Likelihood Ratios

5 years ago

Two systematic reviews have assessed the diagnostic accuracy of elements of the medical history, physical examination, or readily available tests…

JAMA- Aortic Dissection [Likelihood Ratios]

5 years ago

SYMPTOMS THAT RULE OUT  (Lowest -LR):  The absence of pain of sudden onset substantively decreases the probability of dissection (negative…

NAFLD vs. NASH

5 years ago

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects over 1/4th of the world's population. It has become the leading cause of cirrhosis…

Myocardial Perfusion Imaging: Mechanism

5 years ago

Functions on the premise of mismatch in coronary perfusion after a vasodilator (e.g dipyridamole) is administered.  HOW? The coronary vessels…

Hepatopulmonary syndrome vs. Portopulmonary hypertension

5 years ago

Often confused as the same syndrome, Hepatopulmonary syndrome and Portopulmonary hypertension are two distinct disease processes. Both are characterized as…

7 I’s of DKA: Causes Mnemonic

5 years ago

When a patient presents with DKA, it is important to try to elucidate the cause. An easy way to remember…

Alpha 1 Anti Trypsin: Pi*MM, Pi*MZ, Pi*ZZ, Pi*null

5 years ago

Alpha1 antitrypsin (α1 AT) deficiency is the only known genetic abnormality that leads to COPD; it accounts for less than…

Why Prednisolone for Alcoholic Hepatitis?

5 years ago

Patients presenting with severe alcoholic hepatitis (Discriminant Function value ≥32) have high short-term mortality and may benefit from treatment with…

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